Conformity of radio equipment guarantees interference-free radio communications

Radio equipment means a wireless product, which uses radio frequencies. It is important for radio equipment to operate on the frequencies allocated to it. In order for radio equipment not to interfere with other radio equipment or be interfered by them, radio equipment must meet the applicable requirements in the EU. Only compliant radio equipment may be sold and used in the EU. Traficom supervises the compliance of radio equipment sold in Finland i.e. performs market surveillance.

What are the duties of manufacturers, importers and distributors of radio equipment?

Manufacturers must ensure the conformity of the radio equipment and check that the equipment is accompanied by appropriate documents, information and markings. Importers and distributors are responsible for verifying that manufacturers fulfil their duties.

Obligations of manufacturers, importers and distributors

Before you start selling radio equipment, check that:

  • the equipment and packaging bear the CE marking
  • the equipment comes with an EU declaration of conformity (DoC) drawn up by the manufacturer
  • the manual is in Finnish and Swedish
  • the equipment comes with the importer’s contact information.

Watch this video to understand the duties of importers and distributors. (External link)

Conformity of radio equipment

Compliant radio equipment meets the requirements laid down in the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (External link) and can move freely throughout the EU. Only compliant radio equipment may be sold in the EU.

The conformity of radio equipment is indicated by:

  • CE marking

CE marking is the manufacturer's declaration that the equipment meets the essential requirements of the Radio Equipment Directive. CE marking must be affixed on the equipment and packaging. Manufacturers are responsible for affixing the CE marking. Authorities or other official bodies do not award CE markings.

  • EU declaration of conformity (DoC) by the manufacturer

The EU DoC is a document drafted by the manufacturer stating the conformity of the equipment, in other words, that the equipment meets the requirements of the Radio Equipment Directive. The equipment must be accompanied by either the full text or a simplified version of the EU DoC.

The EU DoC is specified in Annex VI and the simplified EU DoC in Annex VII to the Radio Equipment Directive.