Transport and logistics
GOF U-SPACE is an international project developing traffic management systems for drones. 5G Momentum’s contribution to the trials concerns the 5G use of drones. There are 19 members in the project and it has received funding from EU’s SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research). The trials will be carried out in Finland and Estonia in summer 2019. Estonian ANS coordinates the project. The trials to be run in June and August 2019 include:
1.international parcel delivery between Helsinki and Tallinn
2.dense urban drone fleet operations in Helsinki with police intervention
3.dense urban drone fleet operations in Tallinn in controlled airspace
4.over 100 km inspections' flights, including forestry inspections
5.cooperation with general aviation and recreational users at uncontrolled airfield
6.maritime traffic surveillance combined with search-and-rescue over the Gulf of Finland
7.unmanned traffic management on a taxi flight from Helsinki-Vantaa airport to downtown Helsinki.
Read more about GOF U-SPACE (External link) (in finnish)
The Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency has launched a study to examine how the Agency can promote 5G and related services, how the management of infrastructure assets could benefit from fast communications networks, and what are the roles of the private and public sector and how they can cooperate in developing such networks.
Route 51 is a concept by operators in the Inkoo area to turn main road 51 into an intelligent road ecosystem for intelligent transport technologies and services. Active operators include Karjaan puhelin, Tammisaaren energia, Destia and the municipality of Inkoo. The Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency, Intelligent Traffic Management Finland Ltd (ITMF) and Traficom conduct preliminary studies, coordinate trials and tests, and collect and share information to support and develop the concept as national authorities. Nokia Corporation has indicated its interest in creating and testing a 5G ecosystem within the Route 51 concept. The concept supports the implementation of ITMF's strategy as ITMF develops transport ecosystems where parties exchange data to improve services (cf. selling data as a business).
After discussions, the concept was expanded to cover the entire transport corridor in the southern part of Western Uusimaa on main road 51 from Kirkkonummi to Karjaa and from there, on main road 25 to Hanko.
The preliminary study aims at listing the ecosystem-related possibilities of the corridor to develop intelligent transport. The study examines the development needs for transport and logistics in the corridor, identifies the best, yet novel, intelligent transport solutions for these needs, and provides concrete recommendations for developing and piloting the best solutions in the corridor based on the ecosystem model. The solutions selected for further development must be novel in comparison to solutions already tested in Finland. The recommendations also include a model for the organisation of future actions, financing and responsibilities of the parties in the ecosystem model. The final result helps concretise the meaning of intelligent transport ecosystem in the area of impact of a corridor, as well as the roles of ITMF and government agencies in such ecosystem.
The preliminary study is conducted as a part of the 5G Momentum ecosystem in the administrative branch of the Ministry of Transport and Communications. 5G Momentum aims at promoting innovative 5G trials and testing.
Based on the preliminary study, the Finnish Transport Infrastructure Agency, Traficom and ITMF can make a justified decision on taking part in the further development of the Route 51 concept. Criteria for such decision include the positive effects for traffic safety, effective logistics chains and transport automation, as well as the possibility to create a functioning and sustainable ecosystem.
XAMK will execute the project, which aims to set up a research and innovation platform based on 5G technology in a port environment and form a cooperation network based on the Triple Helix model. Technology developers, end users and a research facility will all come together in this cooperation network. The research and innovation platform based on 5G technology will pilot technologies suited for the needs of logistics and the industry: IoT, AI, part-automation, robotisation, analytics and cyber security.
Operational goals are to improve the functions logistics and port industries, physically testing new digital innovations on the platform as well as ensuring the use of the benefits gained in the piloting stage also in the future. The pilots will also create support functions for the companies creating the technologies to ensure cooperation and quality. Testing and piloting aim to answer strategic goals, increase the competitiveness of the industry and to create new business opportunities between 5G technology and port logistics.
Intelligent Sea - Integrated digital services for efficient and safe maritime navigation
The project aims to improve the safety and efficiency of maritime fairways through digitalization. In the project, floating as well as land-based aids to navigation will be equipped with devices for remote monitoring and control as well as environmental sensors. The fairway data produced by the aids to navigation will be integrated with other fairway and port data by combining several, currently separate, data and control systems into a single digital service cloud. In addition, the project will pilot marine high-speed broadband networks and monitoring of sulphur emissions from maritime transport by utilising aids to navigation, and alternative energy sources for them.
Drone-sää-hanke on Ilmatieteen laitoksen vetämä tutkimushanke, jossa kehitetään sääpalvelua drone-liikenteelle ja tutkitaan dronejen käyttöä säähavainnoinneissa. Ilmatieteen laitos havainnoi droneihin kiinnitetyillä mittausantureilla säämuuttujia kuten lämpötilaa, tuulta, ilmanpainetta ja kosteutta ilmakehän alaosassa aina kahden kilometrin korkeuteen saakka. Ilmanlaatu- ja ilmastotutkimuksessa droneilla mitataan pienhiukkasten ja kaasujen pitoisuuksia. Mittaustoiminta keskittyy Suomeen sekä polaarialueille, jotka ovat äärimmäisen herkkiä ilmastonmuutokselle. Hankkeessa voidaan kokeilla myös dronejen käyttöä tieväylien kunnon ja olosuhteiden havainnoinnissa ja meteorologisissa, aerosoli- ja radioaktiivisuuden mittauksissa. Hankkeen keskiössä on selvittää, miten esimerkiksi dronejen keräämää suurta tietomäärää voidaan ketterämmin siirtää 5G-verkon avulla.
5G-MOBIX will develop and test automated vehicle functionalities using 5G core technological innovations along multiple cross-border corridors and urban trial sites, under conditions of vehicular traffic, network coverage, service demand, as well as considering the inherently distinct legal, business and social local aspects.
The 5G-Safe-Plus project aims to prevent traffic accidents and avoid casualties by delivering 5G-enabled time-critical road safety services to vehicles. Here, accurate weather and road maintenance information (esp. local road weather data) plays a key role together with direct incident/accident event information. The project will support wide-scale implementation and usage of advanced road weather, road maintenance and road safety services with enhanced 5G networking capabilities and service enablers.To ensure smooth transition to a “5G world” and to maximize the reliability, the project considers hybrid network environments, including 4G/LTE, 5G, ITS-G5 and satellite communication, for example.
Cities and municipalities
5GKIRI was a joint 5G network project of eight Finnish cities, which aimed to ensure that the cities could support the construction of 5G networks through more agile, nationwide processes. The participating cities were Espoo, Helsinki, Jyväskylä, Kuopio, Lahti, Oulu, Turku and Vantaa, and the project was coordinated by Sitowise Oy.
The design and construction phase of 5G networks requires closer cooperation between cities and operators than was needed for previous generations of mobile technology. The number of small radio cell base stations in urban areas grows and they will be installed permanently on urban infrastructure such as street lighting poles. In the future, the cities involved in the project will also become part of the value chain of 5G services when the 5G connections become an inseparable part of the services provided by the cities.
The project focuses on matters related to fibre connections, base station placement and urban licensing. They are related to the existing processes and working methods of cities, and to the adaptation of 5G network design with the design and maintenance of other parts of the built environment. The project ended on 31 March 2019.
LuxTurrim5G ecosystem, which is a multidisciplinary group of companies and research groups led by Nokia, is creating a digital backbone of the smart city and new data-based services in two parallel projects. LuxTurrim5G+ focuses on the productisation and practical piloting of the 5G smart pole concept created by the ecosystem, while the Neutral Host Pilot creates a platform utilising data in a reliable and secured way and develops new digital services to meet real needs of cities. This also includes evaluating and piloting the Neutral Host operating model in practice.
Industry and energy
5G Vertical Integrated Industry for Massive Automation (5G-VIIMA) is a major project concerning ports, industry and energy launched in April. The aim is to test 5G technology in real use cases in an industrial environment. The trials utilise, for example, Industry 4.0 and smart energy grid concepts. The 5G trials at the Port of Oulu are one focus point of the project. The University of Oulu coordinates the project.
5G-FORCE carries out the third phase of the 5G Test Network Finland (5GTNF) project by introducing new 5G features and providing 5G test network services. The project supports the projects across different sectors and provides an open 5G test platform for all interested parties in Finland.
5G-toimintavarmuus (5G performance) is a trial run by Traficom, Turku University of Applied Sciences and Nokia, which measures the radio interface performance of the 5G network. 5G performance is essential for a functioning society, as technology will boost digitalisation in multiple sectors, such as industry, transport and healthcare.
The trials begun by studying the performance of TDD (time division duplex) technology, which is becoming more common due to 5G. Measurements have been carried out in a laboratory and on site in Turku, as well as in Nokia's drone network. In 2019, the trial will also cover the studying of 5G interface in Nokia's 5G test networks, for example.
Read more about 5G-toimintavarmuus (External link) (in finnish)
PRIORITY will research, develop and trial Critical Communication solutions for authorities and remote businesses. A key target will be to complement existing Mission Critical voice and messaging services with broadband data capability, using commercial 4G and 5G wireless networks. Research topics will concentrate on four areas: 1) Broadband service in extremely remote locations 2) Quality of Service differentiation and provisioning for diverse needs 3) Communication security 4) Interworking of dedicated and commercial networks.
During its two year duration, the project will focus on three application scenarios: 1) Search and capture 2) Smart rural business 3) Emergency response. The solutions will be trialed in live network deployments, by applying the 5G-Force platform and scenario-specific technology blocks.
Other 5G technology projects